This is, after all, your last chance to persuade your readers to your point of view, to impress yourself upon them as a writer and thinker. And the impression you create in your conclusion will shape the impression that stays with your readers after they've finished the end of an essay should therefore convey a sense of completeness and closure as well as a sense of the lingering possibilities of the topic, its larger meaning, its implications: the final paragraph should close the discussion without closing it establish a sense of closure, you might do one or more of the following:Conclude by linking the last paragraph to the first, perhaps by reiterating a word or phrase you used at the de with a sentence composed mainly of one-syllable words.
Simple language can help create an effect of understated de with a sentence that's compound or parallel in structure; such sentences can establish a sense of balance or order that may feel just right at the end of a complex close the discussion without closing it off, you might do one or more of the following:Conclude with a quotation from or reference to a primary or secondary source, one that amplifies your main point or puts it in a different perspective.A quotation from, say, the novel or poem you're writing about can add texture and specificity to your discussion; a critic or scholar can help confirm or complicate your final point.
For example, you might conclude an essay on the idea of home in james joyce's short story collection, dubliners, with information about joyce's own complex feelings towards dublin, his home.Or you might end with a biographer's statement about joyce's attitude toward dublin, which could illuminate his characters' responses to the city.
Just be cautious, especially about using secondary material: make sure that you get the last de by setting your discussion into a different, perhaps larger, context.
For example, you might end an essay on nineteenth-century muckraking journalism by linking it to a current news magazine program like 60 de by redefining one of the key terms of your argument.For example, an essay on marx's treatment of the conflict between wage labor and capital might begin with marx's claim that the "capitalist economy is .
A gigantic enterprise ofdehumanization"; the essay might end by suggesting that marxist analysis is itself dehumanizing because it construes everything in economic -- rather than moral or ethical-- de by considering the implications of your argument (or analysis or discussion).For example, an essay on the novel ambiguous adventure, by the senegalese writer cheikh hamidou kane, might open with the idea that the protagonist's development suggests kane's belief in the need to integrate western materialism and sufi spirituality in modern senegal.
The conclusion might make the new but related point that the novel on the whole suggests that such an integration is (or isn't) y, some advice on how not to end an essay:Don't simply summarize your essay.
A brief summary of your argument may be useful, especially if your essay is long--more than ten pages or so.But shorter essays tend not to require a restatement of your main phrases like "in conclusion," "to conclude," "in summary," and "to sum up. But readers can see, by the tell-tale compression of the pages, when an essay is about to end.
If you've immersed yourself in your subject, you now know a good deal more about it than you can possibly include in a five- or ten- or 20-page essay.As a result, by the time you've finished writing, you may be having some doubts about what you've produced.
And if you haven't immersed yourself in your subject, you may be feeling even more doubtful about your essay as you approach the conclusion.Don't undercut your authority by saying things like, "this is just one approach to the subject; there may be other, better approaches.
1998, pat bellanca, for the writing center at harvard ght © 2017 the president and fellows of harvard college | accessibility | report copyright infringement. Ways to powerfully end your college friday we worked on how to identify your pivot, the key moment or climax of your college essay, as the first step to make sure your essay meets the three requirements of the form: that your college essay needs to be short and energetic, and reveal your , we’re going to jump right into the next step of revising your essay: the end.
We’ll look at the most important dos and don’ts, and 5 techniques you can use in your own essay.It’s the last thing an admissions officer will read, so it’s especially right, enough chatter. On to the good most important do and don’t of college essay right after your pivot, or key moment.
Think of the “fade-to-black” in a movie–you want us to end on the high, glowy feeling.