encyclopedia of social sciences



Encyclopedia of social sciences

Robert anderson seligman and alvin saunders ational encyclopedia of the social encyclopaedia of the social sciences is a specialized fifteen-volume encyclopedia first published in 1930 and last published in 1967. It was envisaged in the 1920s by scholars working in disciplines which increasingly were coming to be known as "human-" or "social sciences. The parameters of what would come to be known as "social science" were in many ways initially established and defined by this encyclopaedia's founding organizations included the american anthropological association, the american association of social workers, the american economic association, the american historical association, the american political science association, the american psychological association, the american sociological society, the american statistical association, the association of american law schools, and the national education association.

International network of social scientists developed in the process of creating the encyclopaedia would prove especially important during the nazi occupation of europe, during which many contributing scholars fled persecution for their ideas.

Under johnson's invitation, several of these scholars would come to new york city and form the "university in exile," a specialized graduate school now known as the new school for social research.


Social science

It was succeeded by the international encyclopedia of the social sciences, edited by david l.

Http:///ead/nnc-rb/ldpd_12107465/dsc/ of encyclopedias by branch of ational encyclopedia of the social sciences (1968).

Encyclopedias of sciencesocial sciences literaturesociology bookshidden categories: books with missing logged intalkcontributionscreate accountlog pagecontentsfeatured contentcurrent eventsrandom articledonate to wikipediawikipedia out wikipediacommunity portalrecent changescontact links hererelated changesupload filespecial pagespermanent linkpage informationwikidata itemcite this a bookdownload as pdfprintable page was last edited on 4 september 2017, at 20: is available under the creative commons attribution-sharealike license;. Please refer to this blog post for more ational encyclopedia of the social & behavioral s-in-chief:  neil j.


Encyclopedia

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Sciencedirect ® is a registered trademark of elsevier sage encyclopedia of social science research by: michael s.

Lewis-beck, alan bryman & tim futing encyclopedia provides readers with authoritative essays on virtually all social science methods topics, quantitative and qualitative, by an international collection of experts.

Organized alphabetically, the encyclopedia of social science research methods covers research terms ranging from different methodological approaches to epistemological issues and specific statistical n to be accessible to general readers, the encyclopedia entries do not require advanced knowledge of mathematics or statistics to understand the purposes or basic principles of any of the methods.

Beck, m s, bryman, a & liao, t f (eds) 2004, the sage encyclopedia of social science research methods, vol.

Login or create a profile above so that you can save clips, playlists, and log in from an authenticated institution or log into your member profile to access the email is of varianceanalysis of covariance (ancova)analysis of variance (anova)main effectmodel i anovamodel ii anovamodel iii anovaone-way anovatwo-way anovaassociation and correlationassociationassociation modelasymmetric measuresbiserial correlationcanonical correlation analysiscorrelationcorrespondence analysisintraclass correlationmultiple correlationpart correlationpartial correlationpearson's correlation coefficientsemipartial correlationsimple correlation (regression)spearman correlation coefficientstrength of associationsymmetric measuresbasic qualitative researchautobiographylife history methodlife story interviewqualitative content analysisqualitative data managementqualitative researchquantitative and qualitative research, debate aboutsecondary analysis of qualitative databasic statisticsf ration(n)t-testx¯y variablez-testalternative hypothesisaveragebar graphbell-shaped curvebimodalcasecausal modelingcellcovariancecumulative frequency polygondatadependent variabledispersionexploratory data analysisfrequency distributionhistogramhypothesisindependent variablemeasures of central tendencymediannull hypothesispie chartregressionstandard deviationstatisticcausal modelingcausalitydependent variableeffects coefficientendogenous variableexogenous variableindependent variablepath analysisstructural equation modelingdiscourse/conversation analysisaccountsconversation analysiscritical discourse analysisdeviant case analysisdiscourse analysisfoucauldian discourse analysisinterpretative repertoireproof procedureeconometricsarimacointegrationdurbin-watson statisticeconometricsfixed effects modelmixed-effects modelpanelpanel data analysisrandom-effects modelselection biasserial correlation (regression)time-series cross-section (tscs) modelstime-series data (analysis/design)tobit analysisepistemologyconstructionism, socialepistemologyidealisminterpretivismlaws in social sciencelogical positivismmethodological holismnaturalismobjectivismpositivismethnographyautoethnographycase studycreative analytical practice (cap) ethnographycritical ethnographyethnographic content analysisethnographic realismethnographic talesethnographyparticipant observationevaluationapplied qualitative researchapplied researchevaluation researchexperimentheuristic inquiryimpact assessmentqualitative evaluationrandomized control trialevent history analysiscensoring and truncationevent history analysishazard ratesurvival analysistransition rateexperimental designexperimentexperimenter expectancy effectexternal validityfield experimentationhawthorne effectinternal validitylaboratory experimentmilgram experimentsquasi-experimentfactor analysis and related techniquescluster analysiscommonality analysisconfirmatory factor analysiscorrespondence analysiseigenvalueexploratory factor analysisfactor analysisoblique rotationprincipal components analysisrotated factorrotationsvarimax rotationfeminist methodologyfeminist ethnographyfeminist researchgender issuesstandpoint epistemologygeneralized linear modelsgeneral linear modelsgeneralized linear modelslink functionlogistic regressionlogitlogit modelpoisson regressionprobit analysishistorical/comparativecomparative methodcomparative researchdocuments, types ofemic/etic distinctionhistorical methodsoral historyinterviewing in qualitative researchbiographic narrative interpretive method (bnim)dependent interviewinginformant interviewinginterviewing in qualitative researchnarrative interviewingsemistructured interviewunstructured interviewlatent variable modelconfirmatory factor analysisfactor analysisitem response theorylatent budget analysislatent class analysislatent markov modellatent profile modellatent trait modelslatent variablelocal independencenonparametric random-effects modelstructural equation modelinglife history/biographyautobiographybiographic narrative interpretive method (bnim)interpretive biographylife history methodlife story interviewnarrative analysispsychoanalytic methodslog-linear models (categorical dependent variables)association modelcategorical data analysiscontingency tableexpected frequencygoodness-of-fit measureslog-linear modelmarginal modelmarginalsmobility tableodds ratiosaturated modelsparse tablelongitudinal analysiscohort analysislongitudinal researchpanelperiod effectstime-series data (analysis/design)mathematics and formal modelsalgorithmassumptionsbasic researchcatastrophe theorychaos theorydistributionfuzzy set theorygame theorymeasurement levelattributebinarycategoricalcontinuous variabledichotomous variablesdiscreteintervallevel of measurementmetric variablenominal variableordinal measuremeasurement testing and classificationconceptualization, operationalization, and measurementgeneralizability theoryitem response theorylikert scalemultiple-indicator measuressummated rating scalemultilevel analysiscontextual effectsdependent observationsfixed effects modelmixed-effects modelmultilevel analysisnonparametric random-effects modelrandom-coefficient modelrandom-effects modelmultiple regressionr-squaredadjusted r-squaredbest linear unbiased estimatorbetageneralized least squaresheteroskedasticityinteraction effectmisspecificationmulticollinearitymultiple regression analysisnonadditiveregressionregression diagnosticsspecificationstandard error of the estimatequalitative data analysisanalytic inductioncaqdasconstant comparisongrounded theoryin vivo codingmemos, memoingnegative casequalitative content analysissampling in qualitative researchpurposive samplingsampling in qualitative researchsnowball samplingtheoretical samplingsampling in surveysmultistage samplingquota samplingrandom samplingrepresentative samplesamplingsampling errorstratified samplingsystematic samplingscalingattitude measurementbipolar scaledimensiondual scalingguttman scalingindexlikert scalemultidimensional scaling (mds)optimal scalingscalescalingsemantic differential scalethurstone scalingsignificance testingalpha, significance level of a testconfidence intervallevel of significanceone-tailed testpower of a testsignificance levelsignificance testingstatistical powerstatistical significancesubstantive significancetwo-tailed testsimple regressiony-interceptcoefficient of determinationconstantinterceptleast squareslinear regressionordinary least squaresregressionregression on…scatterplotslopesurvey designcomputer-assisted personal interviewinginternet surveysinterviewingmail questionnairesecondary analysis of survey datastructured interviewsurveytelephone surveytime seriesarimabox-jenkins modelingcointegrationdetrendingdurbin-watson statisticerror correction modelsforecastinggranger causalityinterrupted time-series designintervention analysislag structuremoving averageperiodicityserial correlationspectral analysistime-series cross-section (tscs) modelstime-series data (analysis/design)trend to the first pagego to the previous page12go to the next pagego to the last page40select204060items per page1 - 40 of 43 , andrew, 769abdi, hervé, 561, 701, 727abduction, 1–2abell, p. Page vii]abductionaccessaccountsaction researchactive interviewadjusted dness-of-fit measuresmultiple dness-of-fit measuresalgorithmalpha, significance level of a testalternative hypothesisamos (analysis of moment structures)analysis of covariance (ancova)analysis of variance (anova)analytic inductionanonymityapplied qualitative researchapplied researcharchival researcharchiving qualitative dataarimaarrow's impossibility theoremartifacts in research processartificial intelligenceartificial neural ral networkassociationassociation modelassumptionsasymmetric measuresasymptotic nuationattitude measurementattributeattritionauditingauthenticity ial ial correlationaveragebar graphbaselinebasic researchbayes factorbayes' theorem, bayes' rulebayesian inferencebayesian kov chain monte carlo methodsbehavior codingbehavioral sciencesbehaviorismbell-shaped curvebernoullibest linear unbiased estimatorbetabetween-group differencesbetween-group sum of dness-of-fit measuresbimodalbinarybinomial distributionbinomial testbiographic narrative interpretive method (bnim)biographical e history methodbiplotsbipolar scalebiserial correlationbivariate analysisbivariate ple correlation (regression)block t linear unbiased estimatorbmdpbonferroni technique[page viii]bootstrappingbounded rationalitybox-and-whisker plotbox-jenkins dness-of-fit measurescanonical correlation puter-assisted data collectioncapture-recapturecaqdas (computer-assisted qualitative data analysis software)carryover effectscart (classification and regression trees)cartesian coordinatescasecase control studycase puter-assisted data collectioncatastrophe theorycategoricalcategorical data puter-assisted data collectioncausal mechanismscausal onical correlation analysisceiling effectcellcensored datacensoring and truncationcensuscensus adjustmentcentral limit theoremcentral sures of central tendencycentroid methodceteris paribuschaidchange scoreschaos theorychi-square distributionchi-square testchow testclassical inferenceclassification tclinical researchclosed sed-ended questionsclosed-ended questionscluster analysiscluster samplingcochran's q ing framecodingcoding framecoding qualitative datacoefficientcoefficient of determinationcognitive anthropologycohort ticollinearitycolumn ociation modelcommonality analysiscommunalitycomparative methodcomparative researchcomparison groupcompeting riskscomplex data setscomponential analysiscomputer simulationcomputer-assisted data collectioncomputer-assisted personal ceptualization, operationalization, and measurementconceptualization, operationalization, and measurementconditional likelihood ratio testconditional logit modelconditional maximum likelihood estimationconfidence intervalconfidentialityconfirmatory factor analysisconfoundingconsequential ameter estimationconstantconstant comparisonconstructconstruct validityconstructionism, socialconstructivismcontent analysiscontext er effectscontextual effectscontingency metric measurescontingency tablecontingent effects[page ix]continuous variablecontrast codingcontrolcontrol groupconvenience sampleconversation analysiscorrelationcorrespondence analysiscounterbalancingcounterfactualcovariancecovariance structurecovariatecover storycovert researchcramér's metric measurescreative analytical practice (cap) ethnographycressie-read statisticcriterion related validitycritical discourse analysiscritical ethnographycritical hermeneuticscritical incident techniquecritical pragmatismcritical race theorycritical realismcritical theorycritical valuescronbach's alphacross-cultural researchcross-laggedcross-sectional datacross-sectional designcross-tabulationcumulative frequency polygoncurvilinearitydanger in researchdatadata archivesdata managementdebriefingdeceptiondecile rangedeconstructionismdeductiondegrees of freedomdeletiondelphi techniquedemand characteristicsdemocratic research and evaluationdemographic methodsdependent interviewingdependent observationsdependent variabledependent variable (in experimental research)dependent variable (in nonexperimental research)descriptive variate analysisdesign effectsdeterminantdetermination, coefficient -squareddeterminismdeterministic modeldetrendingdeviant case analysisdeviationdiachronicdiarydichotomous variablesdifference of meansdifference of proportionsdifference scoresdimensiondisaggregationdiscourse analysisdiscretediscriminant analysisdiscriminant validitydisordinalitydispersiondissimilaritydistributiondistribution-free statisticsdisturbance termdocuments of lifedocuments, types ofdouble-blind proceduredual scalingdummy variableduration nt history analysisdurbin-watson statisticdyadic analysisdynamic ulationecological fallacyecological validityeconometricseffect sizeeffects codingeffects coefficient[page x]efficiencyeigenvalueseigenvector.


Encyclopaedia

Seemediating variableintervention analysisinterview guideinterview scheduleinterviewer effectsinterviewer traininginterviewinginterviewing in qualitative researchintraclass correlationintracoder reliabilityinvestigator effectsin vivo codingisomorphitem response theory[page xii]jackknife methodkey informantkish gridkolmogorov-smirnov testkruskal-wallis h testkurtosislaboratory experimentlag structurelambdalatent budget analysislatent class analysislatent markov modellatent profile modellatent trait modelslatent variablelatin squarelaw of averageslaw of large numberslaws in social scienceleast squaresleast squares principle.

Seekurtosisslopesmoothingsnowball samplingsocial desirability biassocial relations modelsociogramsociometrysoft systems analysissolomon four-group designsortingsparse tablespatial regressionspearman correlation coefficientspearman-brown formula[page xvii]specificationspectral analysissphericity assumptionspline regressionsplit-half reliabilitysplit-plot designs-plusspreadspssspurious relationshipstability coefficientstable population modelstandard deviationstandard errorstandard error of the estimatestandard scoresstandardized regression coefficientsstandardized teststandardized variable.

Page xix]analysis of varianceanalysis of covariance (ancova)analysis of variance (anova)main effectmodel i anovamodel ii anovamodel iii anovaone-way anovatwo-way anovaassociation and correlationassociationassociation modelasymmetric measuresbiserial correlationcanonical correlation analysiscorrelationcorrespondence analysisintraclass correlationmultiple correlationpart correlationpartial correlationpearson's correlation coefficientsemipartial correlationsimple correlation (regression)spearman correlation coefficientstrength of associationsymmetric measuresbasic qualitative researchautobiographylife history methodlife story interviewqualitative content analysisqualitative data managementqualitative researchquantitative and qualitative research, debate aboutsecondary analysis of qualitative databasic statisticsalternative hypothesisaveragebar graphbell-shaped curvebimodalcasecausal modelingcellcovariancecumulative frequency polygondatadependent variabledispersionexploratory data analysisf ratiofrequency distributionhistogramhypothesisindependent variablemedianmeasures of central tendencyn(n)null hypothesispie chartregressionstandard deviationstatistict-testx¯y variablez-testcausal modelingcausalitydependent variable[page xx]effects coefficientendogenous variableexogenous variableindependent variablepath analysisstructural equation modelingdiscourse/conversation analysisaccountsconversation analysiscritical discourse analysisdeviant case analysisdiscourse analysisfoucauldian discourse analysisinterpretative repertoireproof procedureeconometricsarimacointegrationdurbin-watson statisticeconometricsfixed effects modelmixed-effects modelpanelpanel data analysisrandom-effects modelselection biasserial correlation (regression)time-series cross-section (tscs) modelstime-series data (analysis/design)tobit analysisepistemologyconstructionism, socialepistemologyidealisminterpretivismlaws in social sciencelogical positivismmethodological holismnaturalismobjectivismpositivismethnographyautoethnographycase studycreative analytical practice (cap) ethnographycritical ethnographyethnographic content analysisethnographic realismethnographic talesethnographyparticipant observationevaluationapplied qualitative researchapplied researchevaluation researchexperimentheuristic inquiryimpact assessmentqualitative evaluationrandomized control trialevent history analysiscensoring and truncationevent history analysishazard ratesurvival analysistransition rateexperimental designexperimentexperimenter expectancy effectexternal validityfield experimentationhawthorne effectinternal validitylaboratory experimentmilgram experimentsquasi-experimentfactor analysis and related techniquescluster analysiscommonality analysisconfirmatory factor analysiscorrespondence analysiseigenvalueexploratory factor analysisfactor analysisoblique rotationprincipal components analysisrotated factor[page xxi]rotationsvarimax rotationfeminist methodologyfeminist ethnographyfeminist researchgender issuesstandpoint epistemologygeneralized linear modelsgeneral linear modelsgeneralized linear modelslink functionlogistic regressionlogitlogit modelpoisson regressionprobit analysishistorical/comparativecomparative methodcomparative researchdocuments, types ofemic/etic distinctionhistorical methodsoral historyinterviewing in qualitative researchbiographic narrative interpretive method (bnim)dependent interviewinginformant interviewinginterviewing in qualitative researchnarrative interviewingsemistructured interviewunstructured interviewlatent variable modelconfirmatory factor analysisitem response theoryfactor analysislatent budget analysislatent class analysislatent markov modellatent profile modellatent trait modelslatent variablelocal independencenonparametric random-effects modelstructural equation modelinglife history/biographyautobiographybiographic narrative interpretive method (bnim)interpretive biographylife history methodlife story interviewnarrative analysispsychoanalytic methodslog-linear models (categorical dependent variables)association modelcategorical data analysiscontingency tableexpected frequencygoodness-of-fit measureslog-linear modelmarginal modelmarginalsmobility tableodds ratiosaturated modelsparse tablelongitudinal analysiscohort analysislongitudinal researchpanelperiod effectstime-series data (analysis/design)mathematics and formal modelsalgorithmassumptionsbasic researchcatastrophe theorychaos theorydistributionfuzzy set theorygame theory[page xxii]measurement levelattributebinarycategoricalcontinuous variabledichotomous variablesdiscreteintervallevel of measurementmetric variablenominal variableordinal measuremeasurement testing and classificationconceptualization, operationalization, and measurementgeneralizability theoryitem response theorylikert scalemultiple-indicator measuressummated rating scalemultilevel analysiscontextual effectsdependent observationsfixed effects modelmixed-effects modelmultilevel analysisnonparametric random-effects modelrandom-coefficient modelrandom-effects modelmultiple regressionadjusted r-squaredbest linear unbiased estimatorbetageneralized least squaresheteroskedasticityinteraction effectmisspecificationmulticollinearitymultiple regression analysisnonadditiver-squaredregressionregression diagnosticsspecificationstandard error of the estimatequalitative data analysisanalytic inductioncaqdasconstant comparisongrounded theoryin vivo codingmemos, memoingnegative casequalitative content analysissampling in qualitative researchpurposive samplingsampling in qualitative researchsnowball samplingtheoretical samplingsampling in surveysmultistage samplingquota samplingrandom samplingrepresentative samplesamplingsampling errorstratified samplingsystematic samplingscalingattitude measurementbipolar scaledimensiondual scalingguttman scalingindexlikert scalemultidimensional scaling (mds)optimal scalingscalescalingsemantic differential scalethurstone scalingsignificance testingalpha, significance level of a testconfidence interval[page xxiii]level of significanceone-tailed testpower of a testsignificance levelsignificance testingstatistical powerstatistical significancesubstantive significancetwo-tailed testsimple regressioncoefficient of determinationconstantinterceptleast squareslinear regressionordinary least squaresregression on…regressionscatterplotslopey-interceptsurvey designcomputer-assisted personal interviewinginternet surveysinterviewingmail questionnairesecondary analysis of survey datastructured interviewsurveytelephone surveytime seriesarimabox-jenkins modelingcointegrationdetrendingdurbin-watson statisticerror correction modelsforecastinggranger causalityinterrupted time-series designintervention analysislag structuremoving averageperiodicityserial correlationspectral analysistime-series cross-section (tscs) modelstime-series data (analysis/design)trend analysis[page xxiv].

He has edited the sage green monograph series quantitative applications in the social sciences (qass) since 1988.

Besides the university of iowa, he has taught quantitative methods courses at the inter-university consortium for political and social research (icpsr, university of michigan); the european consortium for political research (ecpr, university of essex, england); the tarki summer school on statistical models (university of budapest, hungary); and the ecole d'eté de lille (university of lille, france).

Also, professor lewis-beck has held visiting appointments at the institut d'etudes politiques (sciences po) in paris; the harvard university department of government; the university of paris i (sorbonne); the catholic university in lima, peru; and the national institute for development administration in guatemala city.


Britannica

His current research interests include election forecasting, and the modeling of coup behavior in latin bryman is professor of social research in the department of social sciences, loughborough university, england. He is author or coauthor of many books, including quantity and quality in social research (routledge, 1988), charisma and leadership in organizations (sage, 1992), disney and his worlds (routledge, 1995), mediating social science (sage, 1998), quantitative data analysis with spss release 10 for windows: a guide for social scientists (routledge, 2001), social research methods (oxford university press, 2001; rev.

He is the editor of the understanding social research series for open university press and is on the editorial board of leadership futing liao is professor of sociology and statistics at the university of illinois, urbana-champaign, and currently (2001–2003) teaches research methods in the department of sociology at the university of essex, uk.

Professor liao served two terms (1992–1996 & 1996–2000) as deputy editor of the sociological quarterly, and he is on the editorial board of sociological methods & research and the steering committee of the esrc oxford spring school in quantitative methods for social research.

His substantive interest led him to a year as visiting research fellow with the cambridge group for the history of population and social structure, and his methodological expertise led him to teach summer schools at peking university, chinese academy of social sciences, and the university of essex.


Article

Page xliii]these volumes comprise an encyclopedia of social science research methods, the first of its kind.

This encyclopedia brings together, in one place, authoritative essays on virtually all social science methods topics, both quantitative and qualitative.

One would have to be “more expert” than the experts not to benefit from reading s practicing researchers and social statisticians, the encyclopedia has appeal for more general readers.

First, there are students, graduate and undergraduate, in the social science classes in the universities of the world.

For example, the pieces on bayesian analysis, or generalized linear modeling, will certainly allow them to sharpen their academic addition to researchers and students, this encyclopedia will be helpful to college-educated readers who want to understand more about social science methodology because of their work (e.


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