Your social sciences research zing your social sciences research paper: the research problem/ purpose of this guide is to provide advice on how to develop and organize a research paper in the social sciences.Research problem is a definite or clear expression [statement] about an area of concern, a condition to be improved upon, a difficulty to be eliminated, or a troubling question that exists in scholarly literature, in theory, or within existing practice that points to a need for meaningful understanding and deliberate investigation.
A research problem does not state how to do something, offer a vague or broad proposition, or present a value , alan.International journal of social research methodology 10 (2007): purpose of a problem statement is to:Introduce the reader to the importance of the topic being studied. The reader is oriented to the significance of the study and the research questions, hypotheses, or assumptions to the topic into a particular context that defines the parameters of what is to be e the framework for reporting the results and indicates what is probably necessary to conduct the study and explain how the findings will present this the social sciences, the research problem establishes the means by which you must answer the "so what" question.
The "so what" question refers to a research problem surviving the relevancy test [the quality of a measurement procedure that provides repeatability and accuracy].
Note that answering the "so what" question requires a commitment on your part to not only show that you have researched the material, but that you have thoroughly considered its survive the "so what" question, problem statements should possess the following attributes:Clarity and precision [a well-written statement does not make sweeping generalizations and irresponsible pronouncements],Demonstrate a researchable topic or issue [i.
Regardless of the type of research, it is important to demonstrate that the research is not trivial],Does not have unnecessary jargon or overly complex sentence constructions; and,Conveyance of more than the mere gathering of descriptive data providing only a snapshot of the issue or phenomenon under , alan.
And yair levy nova framework of problem-based research: a guide for novice researchers on the development of a research-worthy problem.
Purdue are four general conceptualizations of a research problem in the social sciences:Casuist research problem -- this type of problem relates to the determination of right and wrong in questions of conduct or conscience by analyzing moral dilemmas through the application of general rules and the careful distinction of special ence research problem -- typically asks the question, “is there a difference between two or more groups or treatments?
This type of problem statement is used when the researcher compares or contrasts two or more phenomena.This a common approach to defining a problem in the clinical social sciences or behavioral ptive research problem -- typically asks the question, "what is...?
This problem is often associated with revealing hidden or understudied onal research problem -- suggests a relationship of some sort between two or more variables to be investigated.
Problem statement in the social sciences should contain:A lead-in that helps ensure the reader will maintain interest over the study,A declaration of originality [e.
Mentioning a knowledge void, that will be revealed by the literature review],An indication of the central focus of the study [establishing the boundaries of analysis], explanation of the study's significance or the benefits to be derived from investigating the research .Sources of problems for identification of a problem to study can be challenging, not because there's a lack of issues that could be investigated, but due to the challenge of formulating an academically relevant and researchable problem which is unique and does not simply duplicate the work of others.
To facilitate how you might select a problem from which to build a research study, consider these sources of inspiration:This relates to deductions made from social philosophy or generalizations embodied in life and in society that the researcher is familiar with.
These deductions from human behavior are then placed within an empirical frame of reference through research.From a theory, the researcher can formulate a research problem or hypothesis stating the expected findings in certain empirical situations. The research asks the question: “what relationship between variables will be observed if theory aptly summarizes the state of affairs? One can then design and carry out a systematic investigation to assess whether empirical data confirm or reject the hypothesis, and hence, the fying a problem that forms the basis for a research study can come from academic movements and scholarship originating in disciplines outside of your primary area of study.
A review of pertinent literature should include examining research from related disciplines that can reveal new avenues of exploration and analysis.
An interdisciplinary approach to selecting a research problem offers an opportunity to construct a more comprehensive understanding of a very complex issue that any single discipline may be able to identification of research problems about particular topics can arise from formal interviews or informal discussions with practitioners who provide insight into new directions for future research and how to make research findings more relevant to practice.Offers the chance to identify practical, “real world” problems that may be understudied or ignored within academic circles.
This approach also provides some practical knowledge which may help in the process of designing and conducting your 't undervalue your everyday experiences or encounters as worthwhile problems for investigation.This can be derived, for example, from deliberate observations of certain relationships for which there is no clear explanation or witnessing an event that appears harmful to a person or group or that is out of the selection of a research problem can be derived from a thorough review of pertinent research associated with your overall area of interest.